lunes, 30 de noviembre de 2015

Texto de San Agustín 2º Bachillerato

Dejo aquí la pregunta primera del texto de San Agustín que hemos leído en clase.

El texto pertenece a San Agustín (Edad Media) a su obra Del Libre Albedrío diálogo entre el propio San Agustín y Evodio, un personaje coetáneo de cultura extensa. el tema del texto reside en la necesidad del libre albedrío para obrar correctamente.

En primer lugar, el autor afirma que el hombre es un bien, es decir, tiene valor en sí mismo, dignidad y así ha sido creado por Dios. Además, según se afirma en el texto,  puede obrar rectamente cuando quiere, es decir, puede obrar bien porque es libre. Por eso se afirma a continuación que goza de libre albedrío (capacidad de elegir entre el bien y al mal). Si no tuviéramos ese libre albedrío no podríamos obrar bien, no podríamos elegir, seríamos como una piedra que cae. Seguidamente San Agustín afirma que el libre albedrío es el origen del pecado. En el principio, Adán eligió el mal y, con su elección, condicionó la naturaleza humana con esa "mancha" del pecado original que origina una tendencia al mal, en cierta manera debilitó nuestra capacidad de decidir, la convirtió en algo frágil. A pesar de esto el hombre goza de libertad suficiente para asumir la responsabilidad de sus actos y además es ayudado por la gracia divina para paliar la culpa transmitida a la humanidad.


El jardín de las Delicias. El bosco

jueves, 19 de noviembre de 2015

The Book Thief. Portfolio


 
 GUIDELINES
·         Handwritten.
·         Explain the ideas as much as you can by using links, the passive voice and a wide range of vocabulary… While answering the questions, include some examples from the movie.
·         Be careful with your layout. You can improve your work with pictures, drawings…

Summary:
Liesel Meminger is only nine years old when she is taken to live with a foster family, the Hubermanns, on Himmel Street in Molching, Germany, in the late 1930s. She arrives with few possessions, but among them is The Grave Digger’s Handbook-a book that she stole from her brother’s burial place. During the years that Liesel lives with the Hubermanns, Hitler becomes more powerful, life on Himmel Street becomes more fearful, and Liesel becomes a full-fledged book thief. She rescues books from Nazi book-burnings and steals from the library of the mayor. Liesel is illiterate when she steals her first book, but Hans Hubermann uses her prized books to teach her to read. This is a story of courage, friendship, love, survival, death, and grief. This is Liesel’s life on Himmel Street, told from Death’s point of view.


QUESTIONS:
1- Write a one paragraph description of one of the following characters in this movie: Liesel, Hans, Rosa and Rudy.
2- The central question asked here (which has been asked in countless other great works of literature) is how human beings have been capable of such brutality and also have
transcended suffering with acts of extraordinary love and courage.  The film presents the issue of how humans can do the most appalling and beautiful things. Write a paragraph explaining how this point is presented in the story. Give some examples.
 3- The Nazy party used propaganda, including Hitler´s autobiographical manifesto, Mein Kampf (My Struggle), to acquire and maintain control over German society. How is this point shown in the film?
4- What does Hans (Papa) encourage her to read? What role does his unusual dictionary play in Liesel’s learning?
5- Liesel comes to realize that words can be used for good as well as for evil. How have words been used these opposite ways in the film?
6- How do we find beauty during hard times? How does Liesel find beauty? How does this affect her happiness despite such hard times? Can beauty and happiness always be found?
OPTIONAL
 -Liesel´s love of books transform her life and the lives of those around her. What books or films have inspired you- or at least impacted your life in a significant way? Give some examples.

jueves, 5 de noviembre de 2015

Optional Activity Ethics 4º ESO.

Regarding The Holocaust, we can read the following words:

"The things I saw beggar description...The visual evidence and the verbal testimonyof starvation, cruelty and bestiality were so overpowering...I  made the visit deliberately in order to be in a position to give firsthand evidence of these things if ever, in the future, there develops a tendency to charge these allegations to propaganda." D. Eisenhower.

These words are carved into the wall at the entrance of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washinton. D.C.

Activity:
- look for the meaning of the words you don´t know.
- visit the  Memorial Museum web site and choose one of the personal stories. Write down the story and give it to me in a separate piece of paper.