martes, 24 de septiembre de 2013

What are human beings?

This week we are studying the first unit called What are human beings?
As an introduction to it, we will read the poem If is this a man written by Primo Levi  after the Second World War. Within a few months of liberation from Monowitz, one of the many smaller camps attached to Auschwitz, P. Levi produced his first collection of writtings. This poem was published in 1947. Levi´s text became overwhelmingly successful and was translated into eight languages and adapted for radio and theatre.

If This Is a Man

You who live safe
In your warm houses,
You who find, returning in the evening,
Hot food and friendly faces:
Consider if this is a man
Who works in the mud,
Who does not know peace,
Who fights for a scrap of bread,
Who dies because of a yes or a no
Consider if this is a woman
Without hair and without name,
With no more strength to remember,
Her eyes empty and her womb cold
Like a frog in winter.
Meditate that this came about:
I commend these words to you.
Carve them in your hearts
At home, in the street,
Going to bed, rising;
Repeat them to your children.
Or may your house fall apart,
May illness impede you,
May your children turn their faces from you.


Read this P. Levi´s text and answer the questions in a separate piece of paper.

"At that time (1947) people had other things to get on with: buildings houses, looking for jobs. There was still rationing, cities were in ruins, the Allies were still occupying Italy. People didn´t want to  hear (about the camps), they wanted other things, to dance, to party, to bring children into the world. A book like mine and many others that came after were almost like a discourtesy, like spoiling a party."

1 Why does the author use the expresion "like spoiling a party"? Review the information that we have read in class to answer this question.
2 Why didnt people want to hear about the camps? Was Levi right to dwell on the past?

miércoles, 18 de septiembre de 2013

Curso 2013-14. Ethics

Se acabaron las vacaciones pero todavía quedan días de verano para empezar a pensar en la tarea que tenemos por delante. Días en los que disfrutar mientras nos preparamos mentalmente para el nuevo curso.

  El cuadro  se conoce con el nombre de Sol y sombra (1872), de Winslow Homer, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum.
 Este curso empezamos con una novedad en el Departamento de Filosofía. Además de impartir Ciudadanía en inglés como se ha venido haciendo los dos últimos cursos, ahora incorporamos la materia de Etica de 4º de ESO en inglés para los alumnos de la Sección bilingüe y del programa avanzado.

Como ya os he dado las líneas generales de la materia de Etica, os dejo el trabajo para la próxima semana.

Homework for 4ºA -  4ºB to be corrected next week.

As we have read in the introduction to the subjet "To be interested in ethics is to be interested in life"
You must write a paragrah (60 words) explaining this sentence. Take into account these suggestions:

-Ethics is about Goodness, Hapiness, Justicie...
-Ethics deals with questions  about values, rights, rules...
-Applied Ethics study some actual problems: mass media, fair trade, environment